Nursery and Primary School, Unión Alto Sanibeni
Cost: 268,000 USD
Build area: 1200 m²
Architecture: Asociación Semillas para el Desarrollo Sostenible.
Management: Asociación Semillas para el Desarrollo Sostenible and Volcafe Speciality Peru (VSP) Generaciones.
Cooperation: Cps – comunità promozione Sviluppo, Native Community of Unión Alto Sanibeni, Distrital Municipality of Pangoa, Provincial Municipality of Satipo.
Team: Marta Maccaglia, Raúl Arancibia, Giulia Perri, Susanna Olivieri (Architecture), Roberto Ortiz, Reena Eddiks, Javier Chavez (Interinstitucional mediator – VSP Generaciones), Carlos Barreda (Engineering), Jonh Mahuanca Casancho, Victor Aco Mahuanca, Mateo Santos Mahuanca. Mahuanca (Community Management).
Construction: Javier Garcia Paucar, Elias Martinez Ramos.
Photography: © Eleazar Cuadros (facebook/instagram).
The school is located in the native Ashaninka community of Union Altosanibeni. This region was depopulated during Peru’s Internal Armed Conflict of the 1990’s. After 1998 the community returned but lived in abandonment for 20 years. This is the backdrop for the school, which in addition to serving the 200 children of the community, benefits the more than 1000 inhabitants of the region. The project consists of three corridors underneath a large roof, and the layout is distributed around a multi-purpose area (the plaza). It features 6 classrooms for primary education and 2 for nursery school, bathrooms with changing rooms, storage rooms, a kitchen, and a library. In the classrooms, the walls are equipped for various activities. They function as bookshelves and teaching surfaces, and the windows provide a visual connection to nature. Two wide hallways run through the building with views of the countryside and connect to the large central “plaza,” the nucleus of activities for the school. In the common spaces, all the surfaces serve a purpose and are designed for teaching; along the walls there are wooden panels of different colors which can be folded down to create tables. Two slides and a staircase connect the central plaza to the second floor. The large central space connects the classrooms, hallways, and library. It can be used as an extra classroom, a recreational space, for physical education, or a place for community meetings and workshops. Finally, the library is laid out in two levels, creating double height ceilings, and is connected to a large laboratory by a bridge. The building is adapted to the unlevel terrain and faces the south east. The lateral modules are constructed in two levels and the central module in three.The structure is constructed of reinforced concrete and wood. The exterior walls are brick made from heated clay, a commonly used material and a locally made product. The interior walls are made of wood panels. The roof is made of panels of OSB and asphalt tiles.